Vancouver International Airport (YVR) is undergoing a $200-million expansion of the International Terminal. To give the project a British Columbia outdoors feel, a man-made stream runs from the new aircraft gates through the centre of the building. At the end of the stream, a huge aquarium has been installed featuring native BC sea life and a jellyfish tank that includes 100 moon jellyfish.
The project team had several concerns about waterproofing the aquarium:
Tight schedule. The team required a waterproofing/SCC solution that could meet the technical complexities of the project within a tight schedule.
“The small but complex YVR Aquarium Project required detailed coordination to ensure the schedule was not compromised,” says Paul Hobern, Manager of PCL, who recommended Kryton’s Krystol Concrete Waterproofing System to waterproof the aquarium.
Since the waterproofed concrete had to be dropped in from above, there were placement concerns. In addition to the stick formwork there was a massive amount of reinforcing steel that the concrete would need to vibrate through. After intensive pre-pour testing, Kryton and Ocean Ready Mix achieved a successful self-consolidating concrete mix design of 119 cm (45 inches), which included Krystol Internal Membrane (KIM) admixture and an accelerator.
SCC places quickly and easily with little or no vibration, and it achieves a high early stripping strength, which yields a quicker turnaround on the forms, an important factor with the aquarium since smaller strips of plywood (stick formwork) were used rather than sheets (regular formwork). By achieving a successful SCC waterproofing mix, the challenges of water containment, access, and hydraulic pressure were all met. And in spite of the project’s complexity, the flexibility of the waterproofing solution (KIM admixture can be added onsite) helped ensure that the team kept within its schedule.
“We had enthusiastic supplier and trade input, which included a formwork mock-up and hydrostatic testing of the concrete mix to establish the correct pour rate,” says Hobern. “We are very pleased with the outcome.”
The Krystol Concrete Waterproofing System for the Aquarium includes: