For many years, Atlanta’s Egleston Children’s Hospital has provided quality pediatric care for Georgia families. According to recent projections, however, the local pediatric population will increase dramatically by 2009. To meet anticipated demand, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta is expanding and renovating several local children’s hospitals, including the Egleston facility.
As part of the upgrades, a new three-level, attached parking garage is being constructed, using a new and innovative method of building shoring walls, designed by Atlanta’s ABE Enterprises. Rather than digging down to the required depth and installing shoring walls from the bottom up, the ABE wall is built from the top down.
First, H-beams are punched deep into the ground around the perimeter of the structure to the required depth – in this case, 80 feet (24 metres). Five to six feet of dirt are removed, forms are created on the H-beams, and concrete tiles measuring 2.1 m by 1.2 m by 22.5 cm (7′ x 4′ by 9″) are poured. Once the concrete sets, the forms are removed, a further 1.8 meters (six feet) of dirt is removed and the process is repeated until the shoring wall is complete.
Paul Mandall, president of Middle Georgia Concrete Construction, says the project team chose the ABE shoring wall design for several reasons. “It costs a lot less than other types of shoring walls,” he says, “and it expedites the construction process.” Because it doesn’t leave room outside of the wall for installing conventional waterproofing membranes, however, ABE’s innovative shoring wall design requires an equally innovative concrete waterproofing system.
ABE Enterprises suggested that the general contractor, Brasfield & Gorrie, meet with local Kryton International distributor, the Crystal Group, to learn more about the Krystol concrete waterproofing system.
Because it eliminates the need for external membranes, the Krystol system is ideal for blind wall applications like the ABE wall. The system is easy to install and significantly less expensive than other waterproofing systems. And unlike waterproofing membranes, Krystol lasts the lifetime of the structure, reducing the need for future maintenance and repairs.
After preliminary tests proved successful, Brasfield & Gorrie chose the Krystol system to waterproof the Egleston parkades’ shoring wall. A total of 39,500 pounds (17,917.2 kg) of Krystol Internal Membrane (KIM) and 3,500 cubic yards (2,676 m3) of KIM-treated concrete were used in the project. To protect the joints between the wall’s concrete tiles, they opted to use Krystol Waterstop System.
“The Krystol system worked great,” says Rick Anderson, president of ABE Enterprises. “We were really impressed with it. It saved money for the owners, shortened the construction time line and resulted in stronger, better concrete.” And when a few minor cracks appeared in the finished concrete, he says, “they self-sealed exactly as promised.”
He says the ABE wall is growing in popularity and KIM is the most efficient and cost-effective way to waterproof it. “We’ve now used KIM in three of these walls,” Mandall says. “In every case, the product performed just as Kryton said it would and the company stood behind the product one hundred per cent.”
Krystol Internal Membrane (KIM) is a hydrophilic crystalline admixture used to create permanently waterproof concrete.