The Sewage Pumping Station of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi is located next to a tributary of the Yamuna River in Jasola, New Delhi. It serves an important purpose as a treatment facility and pumping station. Its location along the bank of the Yamuna River entails a very high water table and the base of the building is situated at an astounding 9 meters (29.5 feet) below-grade. It is no surprise that the high levels of hydrostatic pressure led to leaking through joints and cracks in the thick concrete walls and raft slabs during the initial construction of the Pumping Station’s plant room.
The gushing water into the large plant room, where equipment and pumping machinery would be located, would fill up a significant area of 2 meters (6.6 feet) in height. In order to dewater the plant room, the Delhi Development Authority (DDA), a department of The Government of India, was required to constantly dewater the machine room by deploying two powerful pumps.
Although the water pumps provided an effective interim solution, maintenance to keep the machine room dry by constantly employing the water pumps was very costly and unreliable on a long-term basis. Repair of the cracks and joints also provided many challenges, as the positive (water) side of the structure was virtually inaccessible. A permanent repair solution from the inside was needed to keep this sewage pumping station dry.
When Kryton Buildmat Co. Pvt. Ltd (KBCPL) initially proposed a negative-side repair process using Kryton’s Integral Crystalline Waterproofing technology, the Delhi Development Authority was reluctant because they were used to treating these types of repairs with traditional waterproofing systems, such as membranes. Recognizing the difficulty, cost and temporary nature of an external repair, the DDA decided to give Integral Crystalline Waterproofing a try.
KBCPL suggested using Kryton’s Krystol Crack Repair System, a straightforward, easy-to-use application. The treatment was carried out from the inside (negative side) of the plant room. First, a 2.54cm (1 inch) chase was chiseled along the length of the major cracks and leaking joints along the wall and raft slabs. The chase was then filled with Krystol Plug, which immediately arrests the seepage of water through the concrete walls. Within two minutes the leakage had stopped. The cracks and joints were then treated with Krystol T1 dry pack followed by Krystol Bari-Cote, a waterproofing grout. A final finishing coat of Krystol T1 & T2 Waterproofing System in slurry form was applied to the entire concrete surface.
Krystol products contain a high concentration of crystalline waterproofing chemicals. These proprietary chemicals cause a reaction within the concrete matrix to form billions of needle-like crystals that block pores, voids and micro-cracks from water intrusion. The chemicals sit dormant until another dose of water (through a new crack or rising water table) causes the chemical reaction to begin again. The ability to reactivate in the presence of water gives crystalline-treated concrete the ability to self-seal, thus providing a permanent solution.
The leakage to the pump room slowed down immediately after the repair process, and stopped altogether within days. As a result the DDA was able to stop the dewatering process. The work was executed in Fall 1999, and even today the plant room of the Sewage Pumping Station remains dusty dry.
Krystol Bari-Cote is a high-strength crystalline concrete waterproofing top coat used to resurface and repair concrete or masonry. *Krystol Bari-Cote has been replaced by Krystol Repair Grout*
The Krystol Leak Repair System is a permanent crystalline waterproofing solution used for repairing leaking cracks, holes and joints found in concrete. It reliably stops high water flow, even under high-hydrostatic pressure, and outperforms injection systems. Repairing leaks is a simple 3-step process that involves…